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As one of Costa Rica’s primary exported commodities, coffee beans have helped to build and shape the nation since the emergence of the ‘golden bean’ back in the 18th century. Fertile soil, cool climates and high altitudes gave Costa Rica’s Central Valley the optimal conditions for Arabica coffee plant growth. These conditions allowed for the cultivation of many Costa Rican coffee plants, with the unlimited supply of coffee providing the country with a bountiful source of income. It was this realisation that encouraged the government to offer free land to the farmers in the 19th century – which ultimately caused a dramatic increase in coffee bean production.
Following this, the Costa Rican coffee industry flourished, with upper-class growers and traders taking to work. The coffee revenue secured by these developments established the modernisation of Costa Rica, and is responsible for the large-scale shipping that takes place today. From Austin to Amsterdam, up to 1.5 million bags of coffee are exported each year, making Costa Rica the 15th largest producer of coffee in the word (based on data from 2017). Enjoyed both nationally and abroad, Costa Rican coffee is considered to be amongst the best coffee in the world.
Costa Rica is known for its variety of landscapes; from its vast rainforests, volcanoes and beaches, all of which help to provide the perfect environment for growing coffee beans. The Costa Rican provinces of San José and Alajuela (amongst others) are blessed with ideal coffee-growing conditions, with volcanic, acidic and fertile soil, high elevations and cooler climates that produce the highest quantities of coffee in the country. Costa Rican coffee tends to have complex flavour profiles, with many coffees having sweet and fruity notes with a full body.
Due to its high quality, Arabica coffee is the only type of coffee that’s grown across the country. Coffee growth is taken very seriously in Costa Rica – so it is prohibited for any other kind of bean to be grown. Both Costa Rica’s dry and rainy seasons provide ideal coffee growth opportunities, so high-quality coffee can be produced all year round. The mountainous regions vouch for 70% of the country’s entire coffee growth, with the location of the planted and extracted coffee beans being responsible for slight changes in flavour.
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Arabica coffee beans grown in Costa Rica are typically dried, giving them a milder and softly acidic flavour. Farmers start by picking the coffee cherries by hand, before processing, washing them and removing the pulp. This is all before drying the beans and sorting them into appropriate sizes and shapes. A staple in many local homes, Café 1820 is considered to be a hugely popular brand in Costa Rica.
With eight regions across Costa Rica that produce Arabica coffee, it comes to no surprise that it’s a huge part of the country’s lifestyle and economic growth. It seems that the idyllic conditions for coffee production that span across the country, as well as its dedicated workers, give Costa Rican coffee the strong reputation that it has today.
At Bibium, our wide range of bean to cup coffee machines can transform quality coffee beans into delicious cups of steaming coffee. We offer bean to cup coffee machines suitable for commercial or domestic use, so fresh coffee can be enjoyed whether at home or in the office. We also have a selection of commercial and domestic coffee grinders, so those who use espresso machines and filter coffee machines can also enjoy the freshest cup of Costa Rican coffee each and every time.
If you’d like to learn more about different types of coffee from around the globe, our “Coffee Pot Of The World” series has also covered the following:
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