Perceiving coffee beans as a simple commodity in Ethiopia would be an understatement, to say the least. A huge part of daily life, Arabica coffee acts as the facilitator for social gatherings, with coffee being a fundamental part of life for some 15 million Ethiopians.
Ethiopian farmers, working hard on a daily basis, continually grow and produce this precious crop at the time of harvest - maintaining Ethiopia’s reputation as being Africa’s largest coffee exporter and the 7th largest in the world. In fact, without Ethiopia, the cultivation and enjoyment of coffee today would be very different, as Ethiopia is where the Arabica Coffee plant originates from.
After first being sighted over 1,000 years ago, Arabica coffee in Ethiopia has since grown in popularity and, consequently, farmers have been discovering the best ways to make the most of Ethiopia’s environmental conditions in order to encourage optimum coffee growth. Thanks to its high altitudes of 2,200 metres and high temperatures, Ethiopia offers the ideal conditions to grow coffee beans.
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Ethiopia is where the Arabica Coffee plant originates from.
Due to the ongoing effects of climate change, however, coffee farmers are facing risks of losing coffee growing land – and having to move to areas of higher altitude. With temperatures set to increase and expectations of less rainfall, it’s predicted that Ethiopia will lose up to 59% of its coffee growing land by the year 2100.
Who Are The Farmers Behind Ethiopian Coffee Beans?
Female farmers’ contributions to agriculture in Ethiopia is considered crucial, ensuring the proper farming, picking and managing of crops on a daily basis. Male farmers, on the other hand, take the role of trading coffee in the market place. With a substantial proportion of Ethiopia’s population relying on agricultural produce, growing coffee is more than just a paid job to the locals. Growing and using coffee is an integral part of the Ethiopian lifestyle, and the great taste of coffee sourced here can be attributed to this commitment. From African farms to coffee mugs all over the world, Ethiopian coffee production is honest, natural and providers coffee-lovers with high-quality beans to savour and enjoy.
Although climate change is set to widely affect coffee growth across the country, farmers are planning to move their crop farms to higher grounds in order to continue their wide-scale coffee production.
At Bibium, we like to know as much as we can about all the different coffees, as we find it helps us coax out the true flavours of each different coffee bean. If you'd like to learn more about the different types of coffee, check out our Coffee Pot Of The World series. So far, we have covered Brazil, Coloumbia, Costa Rica, and now, Ethiopia.